“Like the plot of a summer horror flick”. . …

Contagious cancers are spreading among shellfish . . …

You were Warned.!
You were Warned.!

“Like the plot of a summer horror flick”

July 7th, 2016  — “Like the plot of a summer horror flick”: All along Canada’s Pacific coast, mussels are dying… Bodies are swollen by cancerous tumors — Unprecedented mutations allowing cancer to spread from one species to another like a virus — Scientists: “It’s beyond surprising” (VIDEO) . . . …

Published: July 7th, 2016 at 2:13 pm ET

By ENENews

Washington Post, Jun 22, 2016 (emphasis added): All along the western Canadian coast, mussels are dying. Their blobby bodies are swollen by tumors. The blood-like fluid that fills their interiors is clogged with malignant cells. They’re all sick with the same thing: cancer. And it seems to be spreading. For all its harrowing, terrifying damage, the saving grace of cancer has always been that it dies with its host. Its destructive power comes from turning victims’ own cells against them and making them run amok. But when molecular biologist Stephen Goff biopsied these mussels, he found something strange. The tumor cells didn’t have the same DNA as their host. Instead, every mussel was being killed by the same line of cancerous cells, which were jumping from one individual to the next like a virus…

 • • • • •••

National Geographic, Jun 23, 2016: It sounds like the plot of a summer horror flick: Malignant cells floating in the sea, ferrying infectious cancer everywhere they go. The story is all too true, say scientists who’ve made a discovery they call “beyond surprising.”… “The evidence indicates that the tumor cells themselves are contagious – that they can spread from one clam to another in the ocean,” says biochemist and immunologist Stephen Goff of Columbia University, co-author, along with Michael Metzger of Columbia, of a paper reporting the results in the journal Cell. These mussels are one of four species of mollusks affected. The mussels at Copper Beach in West Vancouver, Canada, are infected with the disease. This week the team reported new findings in the journal Nature. The transmissible cancer has been discovered in… mussels (Mytilus trossulus) in West Vancouver… Mytilus trossulus is the main native intertidal mussel in the northern Pacific. In North America, it’s found from California to Alaska… The cancer, it’s believed, originated in one unfortunate mollusk. It’s astounding, Goff says, that a leukemia that has killed countless clams traces to one incidence of the disease… What will happen in other mollusk species?  Ominously, says Goff, “It’s too soon to know.”…

 • • • •••

University of British Columbia, Jun 23, 2016: 1st contagious cancer that spreads between species — UBC scientists were involved in research that found the first contagious cancer that can spread between species, CBC News reported. The leukemia-like disease seems to be widespread among shellfish with hinged shells, or bivalves, like clams, mussels and cockles. Environment Canada scientists worked with UBC researchers to collect mussels in West Vancouver and Esquimalt, B.C. and test them for cancer. . .

 • • • ••••

CBC News, Jun 22, 2016: Contagious cancers are a scary idea to begin with, but scientists have made some startling new discoveries about them – they are likely more common in nature than originally thought, and some can even spread between species… Mussels living off the coast of British Columbia [are] prone to the contagious cancer… scientists reported Wednesday in Nature… Canadian scientists collected mussels in West Vancouver, above, and Esquimalt, B.C. They then took them back to the lab and screened them for cancer… Sherry worked with Reinisch and scientists at the University of British Columbia to collect mussels in West Vancouver and Esquimalt, B.C. Then they took them back to the lab and screened them for cancer… Samples that tested positive for leukemia were sent to Goff and his postdoctoral researcher Michael Metzger, lead author of the new paper, for genetic analysis. That analysis showed that not all the mussels with leukemia had a contagious cancer – in some cases, the cancer had developed from an individual’s own cells, as is typically the case. But contagious cancers were found in all three species, and were typically clones from a single individual… Stephen Goff, a professor of microbiology at Columbia University who also co-authored the new paper, is interested in finding out what mutations allowed the transmissible cancer to spread to other individuals. . . …

● •••• • • •ⱷ ••••ⱷ •• • • • •••ⱷ • • •ⱷ ••••ⱷ • • • • •••ⱷ • • • ••••ⱷ • • • •••ⱷ ••••• • • •●

 Scientists just doubled the number of known contagious cancers . . . …

Contagious cancers are spreading among shellfish...You were Warned.!
Contagious cancers are spreading among shellfish…You were Warned.!.

All along the western Canadian coast, mussels are dying. Their blobby bodies are swollen by tumors. The blood-like fluid that fills their interiors is clogged with malignant cells. They’re all sick with the same thing: cancer. And it seems to be spreading. . . …

Published by Columbia Medicine on Jun 22, 2016 More than 10,902 views . . …

New research suggests that direct transmission of cancer among marine animals may be much more common than once thought. . . …

• • • ••••

All along the western Canadian coast, mussels are dying. Their blobby bodies are swollen by tumors. The blood-like fluid that fills their interiors is clogged with malignant cells. They’re all sick with the same thing: cancer. And it seems to be spreading.

For all its harrowing, terrifying damage, the saving grace of cancer has always been that it dies with its host. Its destructive power comes from turning victims’ own cells against them and making them run amok.

But when molecular biologist Stephen Goff biopsied these mussels, he found something strange. The tumor cells didn’t have the same DNA as their host. Instead, every mussel was being killed by the same line of cancerous cells, which were jumping from one individual to the next like a virus. The mussels, as well as two other species of bivalve examined by Goff and his colleagues, are dying from contagious cancer.

Goff’s study, which was published Wednesday in the journal Nature, doubles the number of species known to suffer from transmissible cancers. And in one case, clams were being killed by cancer cells that come from an entirely different species.

The results, Goff said, suggest that this communicable form of the disease isn’t as rare as scientists once thought.

“I guess that many, many of the cancers that are known will turn out to be of this type,” said Goff, who is based at Columbia University Medical Center. “How many other marine species might turn out to suffer from this, we don’t really know.”

[What cancer in clams might tell us about cancer in humans]

The first contagious cancer was discovered in the 1990s, when researchers studying Tasmanian devils noticed that the fierce marsupials were perishing from ugly facial tumors. Eventually, they identified two cancer cell lines that were causing the disease. Meanwhile, scientists working with dogs found that canines on every continent have been suffering from a sexually transmitted tumor for hundreds of years.

Goff and his colleagues found a third example of this phenomenon last year in soft shell clams living along the Atlantic coast. A colleague working at the Marine Biological Laboratory at Woods Hole, Mass., asked him to come take a look at her dying clams, which she thought were suffering from a virus. Instead, they were being killed by a form of bivalve leukemia.

“It was really wild,” Goff told The Washington Post at the time. “It was not what we were expecting.”
Cockles (Cerastoderma edule) collected in Galicia, Spain. They are one of three new species that suffer from contagious cancer. (David Iglesias via Nature)
But the discovery got him wondering whether transmissible cancers might be more common than anyone realized. So he set about collecting specimens from sick bivalve colonies on opposite sides of the world: mussels from near Vancouver and cockles and golden carpet shell clams on the coast of Spain. All three species were dying from cancer, he found. And all three of the cancers were genetically different from their hosts (the cockles suffered from two distinct strains).

“Now we’re four for four” in terms of bivalve species with communicable cancer, he said.
Elizabeth Murchison, who leads a transmissible cancer research group at the University of Cambridge, wrote in an accompanying analysis for Nature: “These findings seem to paint a picture of shellfish beds around the world that are awash with microscopic cancer cells metastasizing both within and between species.”

Goff and his colleagues suggest that cancerous cells from sick bivalves are expelled when the creatures defecate or die. The cancers can survive in the water for at least a few hours until they find a new host — and since bivalves are filter feeders, they’re susceptible to accidentally consuming these malignant cells. Mussels, cockles and clams also have fairly undeveloped immune systems and few resources to fight off the disease.

[Why it’s too early to get excited about this ‘unprecedented’ new cancer treatment]

The case of the golden carpet shell clams was particularly astonishing.

“The tumor that was spreading in this clam when we genotyped it was really, really different from the host that it was spreading in,” Goff said. “It wasn’t even of the same species.”

Instead, the cancer cells had the genome of the pullet shell clam. Those creatures live right next to the golden carpet shells, but don’t seem to be suffering at all. The most likely explanation is that the cancer arose in the pullet shells, but they developed a resistance to the disease, which then jumped to a second species.

The finding has Goff thinking about cancer in an entirely different way.

“Now you have to imagine these contagious cells floating around in the ocean, when when they managed to be picked up by a susceptible host they can establish a new infection,” Goff said.
He interrupted himself, reflecting on what he just said: “See, already we’re using words that really aren’t used to describe cancer, like ‘infection.’ “

Transmission of cancer within and between clam species could provide an opportunity to model how cancer metastasizes in humans, he said. It could also help us interpret the rare cases where cancer has been communicable in humans: in people who have contracted the disease from transplanted organs, for example, or the man who was killed by cancer cells from a tapeworm that had taken up residence in his gut.

But there’s a great deal we need to learn about the cancers first, Goff noted. It’s not clear how old these cancers are — they could have evolved for hundreds of years, like the tumor infecting dogs, or may be a more recent development. We still don’t really know how the cancerous cells are spreading, how they latch onto their hosts, or whether clams are capable of mobilizing an immune response. And given how common communicable cancers seem to be in bivalves, Goff believes it’s definitely worth investigating their presence in other marine species.

On the other hand, humans needn’t worry about contracting the diseases. We have a much more sophisticated immune system than clams, Goff noted, and it’s unlikely that cancer cells would survive in air as well as they do in sea water. For now, at least, the chilling notion of contagious cancer in humans is just a distant possibility…

 

https://www.washingtonpost.com/news/speaking-of-science/wp/2016/06/22/scientists-just-doubled-the-number-of-known-contagious-cancers/

•••ⱷ ••••ⱷ •• • • • •••ⱷ • • •ⱷ ••••ⱷ • • • • •••ⱷ • • • ••••ⱷ • • • •••ⱷ •••••

Fukushima∶ Living with a Disaster...You were Warned.!
Fukushima∶ Living with a Disaster…You were Warned.!.

{!}{Fukushima∶ Living with a Disaster (Greenpeace[HD]Video) 720p (17∶43)

Fukushima: Living with a Disaster GreenpeaceVideo

• . .. … …. ….. …. .. … …. ….. …. ..!¡‼¡.!… .. … …. ….. …. .. … . . . …. •

Published on Mar 10, 2016 by GreenpeaceVideo More than 34,701 views…

Five years after the nuclear accident in Fukushima, an end to the disaster is not in sight.

• • • •••

This short documentary tells the story of the people from Fukushima, forced to leave their homes without knowing if they could ever return, and explores the work that Greenpeace has been doing in the region since 2011.

•••ⱷ ••••ⱷ •• • • • •••ⱷ • • •ⱷ ••••ⱷ • • • • •••ⱷ • • • ••••ⱷ • • • •••ⱷ •••••

Fukushima Update Contagious Cancer Cells in Ocean Infecting Several Species Suspect [RenseRadio.com]})➤

Fukushima Suspect: 1st Contagious Cancer Cells in Ocean Infecting Several Species  • • • •••• • ( ⱷ )

Published on Aug 5, 2016

“Like the plot of a summer horror flick”: All along Canada’s Pacific coast, mussels are dying… Bodies are swollen by cancerous tumors — Unprecedented mutations allowing cancer to spread from one species to another like a virus — Scientists: “It’s beyond surprising” (VIDEO)http://tinyurl.com/h35xxvr
~~~~~~~~~~
Washington Post: Scientists just doubled the number of known contagious cancers http://tinyurl.com/hcotqtq
All along the western Canadian coast, mussels are dying. Their blobby bodies are swollen by tumors. The blood-like fluid that fills their interiors is clogged with malignant cells. They’re all sick with the same thing: cancer. And it seems to be spreading.
For all its harrowing, terrifying damage, the saving grace of cancer has always been that it dies with its host. Its destructive power comes from turning victims’ own cells against them and making them run amok.
But when molecular biologist Stephen Goff biopsied these mussels, he found something strange. The tumor cells didn’t have the same DNA as their host. Instead, every mussel was being killed by the same line of cancerous cells, which were jumping from one individual to the next like a virus. The mussels, as well as two other species of bivalve examined by Goff and his colleagues, are dying from contagious cancer.
http://tinyurl.com/hcotqtq
~~~~~~~~~
National Geographic: It’s Catching, If You’re a Clam: Infectious Cancer Spreading in Soft-Shell Clams, Other Mollusks http://tinyurl.com/zx2ph3z
It sounds like the plot of a summer horror flick: Malignant cells floating in the sea, ferrying infectious cancer everywhere they go. The story is all too true, say scientists who’ve made a discovery they call “beyond surprising.”… “The evidence indicates that the tumor cells themselves are contagious – that they can spread from one clam to another in the ocean,” says biochemist and immunologist Stephen Goff of Columbia University, co-author, along with Michael Metzger of Columbia, of a paper reporting the results in the journal Cell. These mussels are one of four species of mollusks affected. The mussels at Copper Beach in West Vancouver, Canada, are infected with the disease. This week the team reported new findings in the journal Nature. The transmissible cancer has been discovered in… mussels (Mytilus trossulus) in West Vancouver… Mytilus trossulus is the main native intertidal mussel in the northern Pacific. In North America, it’s found from California to Alaska… The cancer, it’s believed, originated in one unfortunate mollusk. It’s astounding, Goff says, that a leukemia that has killed countless clams traces to one incidence of the disease… What will happen in other mollusk species? Ominously, says Goff, “It’s too soon to know.”http://tinyurl.com/zx2ph3z
~~~~~
University of British Columbia, Jun 23, 2016: 1st contagious cancer that spreads between species — UBC scientists were involved in research that found the first contagious cancer that can spread between species, CBC News reported. The leukemia-like disease seems to be widespread among shellfish with hinged shells, or bivalves, like clams, mussels and cockles. Environment Canada scientists worked with UBC researchers to collect mussels in West Vancouver and Esquimalt, B.C. and test them for cancer. https://youtu.be/Ir5H-yZONg8

source video Fukushima Update Contagious Cancer Cells in Ocean Infecting Several Species Suspect? https://youtu.be/fE8s6KihXtE

Subscribe Strontium Milks ☠ https://www.youtube.com/user/Fukushim…
Another great channel: MsMilkytheclown1 ☠
https://www.youtube.com/user/MsMilkyt…

•••ⱷ ••••ⱷ •• • • • •••ⱷ • • •ⱷ ••••ⱷ • • • • •••ⱷ • • • ••••ⱷ • • • •••ⱷ •••••

•ⱷ •ⱷ •ⱷ •ⱷ •ⱷ •ⱷ •ⱷ •ⱷ •ⱷ •ⱷ •ⱷ •ⱷ •ⱷ •
http://FukushimaUpdate.yolasite.com
ⱷ •ⱷ •ⱷ •ⱷ •ⱷ •ⱷ •ⱷ •ⱷ •ⱷ •ⱷ •ⱷ •ⱷ •ⱷ •ⱷ
https://FukushimaUpdate.wordpress.com
•ⱷ •ⱷ •ⱷ •ⱷ •ⱷ •ⱷ •ⱷ •ⱷ •ⱷ •ⱷ •ⱷ •ⱷ •ⱷ •ⱷ •
http://FukushimaDaiichiUpdate.yolasite.com
ⱷ •ⱷ •ⱷ •ⱷ •ⱷ •ⱷ •ⱷ •ⱷ •ⱷ •ⱷ •ⱷ •ⱷ •ⱷ •ⱷ •ⱷ •ⱷ
https://www.youtube.com/channel/UClcOwPGNy2TCXNegHviMymw
● •••• • • •ⱷ ••••ⱷ •• • • • •••ⱷ • • •ⱷ ••••ⱷ • • • • •••ⱷ • • • ••••ⱷ • • • •••ⱷ ••••• • • •●

Fukushima Daiichi Updates

●•ⱷ•ⱷ•ⱷ•ⱷ•ⱷ•ⱷ•ⱷ•ⱷ•ⱷ•ⱷ•ⱷ•ⱷ•ⱷ•●

Why are Researchers Predicting an [E.L.E.] Extinction Level Event for the Pacific Ocean…???

●•ⱷ•ⱷ•ⱷ•ⱷ•ⱷ•ⱷ•ⱷ•ⱷ•ⱷ•ⱷ•ⱷ•ⱷ•ⱷ•●

Breaking News… [E.L.E] … Now Means The End Of Life On Earth….

●•ⱷ•ⱷ•ⱷ•ⱷ•ⱷ•ⱷ•ⱷ•ⱷ•ⱷ•ⱷ•ⱷ•ⱷ•ⱷ•●

•••ⱷ ••••ⱷ •• • • • •••ⱷ • • •ⱷ ••••ⱷ • • • • •••ⱷ • • • ••••ⱷ • • • •••ⱷ •••••

Advertisements

Leave a Reply

Fill in your details below or click an icon to log in:

WordPress.com Logo

You are commenting using your WordPress.com account. Log Out / Change )

Twitter picture

You are commenting using your Twitter account. Log Out / Change )

Facebook photo

You are commenting using your Facebook account. Log Out / Change )

Google+ photo

You are commenting using your Google+ account. Log Out / Change )

Connecting to %s